Increase the Quality of Your Steam System with Efficient Steam Separation

The efficiency of a steam system largely depends on the quality of the steam that is delivered to the steam equipment. The intention is 100% saturated steam, i.e., complete vapor and no liquid. Anything less can cause serious problems to the steam system. For instance, in a steam turbine, moisture will erode the internal parts. Similarly, in heat-transfer units, moisture will increase the thickness of the condensate film, which can reduce the efficiency of heat-transfer by a great extent. Therefore, a steam system must be properly designed, installed, operated, and maintained, in order to operate with maximum steam efficiency.

Practically, it is difficult for every steam system to operate under ideal conditions. For this reason, most systems use a steam separator, also known as a moisture separator.

Benefits of Vertical Separators

Oil and gas separators are pressure vessels designed to separate gas and liquid components, which emerge from an oil well. These are commonly used in processing stations, and can also be found on offshore platforms. Depending on their configurations, most separators are classified as vertical or horizontal. In this post, we shall be taking a look at vertical oil and gas separators.

vertical separator

The 2 Major Threats Affecting the Performance of Horizontal Moisture Separators

Horizontal moisture separators perform the crucial task of removing entrapped moisture content from gas, steam, or air. They improve the quality of media, whilst adding to the reliability of industrial operations.

Since they are subject to high velocity gas flows on a regular basis, they are susceptible to damage and loss of efficiency. Amongst the several problems, corrosion and erosion are diagnosed as the major ones, posing risk to these mechanical devices.

Importance of Dryness Fraction in Steam Separators

The quality of steam passing through steam separators is of immense importance in an application. The quality of the steam is determined by the water content in the steam. 100% pure steam is completely transparent and is difficult to obtain. When steam is produced it can carry water droplets with it and as it passes through pipelines before entering the separator, it will lose some energy, thus forming water droplets. These water droplets lower the quality of the steam. To decide on the quality level of steam, one can take into account the exact quantity of water present in a particular amount of steam. For example, if a batch of steam contains 15% water by mass, the steam is said to have a purity level/ dryness fraction of 85% (100 – 15).

Role of Exhaust Heads and their Features

Exhaust heads are the efficient and cost-effective mechanical separators designed to clean exhaust gas or air. These easy-to-operate exhaust heads allow removing 99% of water content, oil, and other solid particles from the medium.

Features of Exhaust Heads

Exhaust heads are available in a wide range of flange sizes and dimensions. They can be customized according to your applications across several industrial facilities. There are many application areas for these units, but the most popular is steam exhaust to atmosphere.

industrial-exhaust-heads

What account for the wide acceptance and popularity of exhaust heads? Reasons are followed.

The Role of Natural Gas Separators at Wellheads

Natural gas extracted from reservoirs contains a great amount of impurities and water content. The use of contaminated natural gas not only damages the pipeline as it is conveyed, but also affects the processes for which it is used.

Natural gas that is conveyed to industrial and commercial applications must meet several criterias and standards. It must be processed and cleaned before it is transported long distances for consumption.

Which is the most versatile and efficient device used to separate natural gas? The question is answered in this blog.

Why There is a Huge Demand for Horizontal Separators for Oil and Gas Industry

Separators are specifically designed to remove oil, gas, and other impurities such as moisture content and solid particles present from well streams. They are broadly categorized into horizontal and vertical separators. The topic of discussion in this blog is horizontal separators, and their gaining popularity in the oil and gas industry.

When to Choose Horizontal Separators?

Select horizontal separators:

  • In applications requiring separating larger volume of gases.
  • Where there are height limitations to occupy vertical separators.
  • In applications requiring efficient liquid-liquid separation.
  • In applications requiring complete removal of entrained liquid droplets.
  • In oil wells with high oil-gas ratios.

What are the Methods Used to Separate Gas from Oil

Oil and gas separators are used in several applications when extracting and purifying oil. Oil and gas is one of the main industries where these separators are used. They help in the purification process of oil, making it fit for consumption.

Methods Employed to Remove Gas from Oil

The following methods are normally used in the oil purification process, to remove gas from crude oil:

Differences Between Horizontal and Vertical Separators in Geothermal Applications

Geothermal applications use separators when extracting oil and gas from oil wells. The contents of the well are a mixture of hydrocarbons, oils, and other contaminants like water, mud, or sand. Separating these products will provide high purity hydrocarbon gas or oil. This is important for compatibility when used with the final application.

For the separation process, horizontal and vertical separators are used. Both separators offer certain advantages. These are discussed in detail below.

The 3 Must Have Features of In Line Gas Liquid Separators Meant for the Oil Industry

Gas liquid separators are vital component used across several industries especially in the oil and gas industry. Designed for easy installation in onshore processing stations or in several offshore platforms, this equipment helps remove dispersed droplets and other contaminants from a bulk gas stream.

Presence of pollutants and water content affects heat transfer efficiency and results in hot spots and leaks. Advanced liquid separators can be used effectively to remove even a minimal amount of water droplets from the gas stream.

gas-liquid-separators-for-oil-industry

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